Techniques

Neuro-Sensory Integration Technique (NSIT)

Overview

NSIT is a specialized chiropractic technique designed and created by Dr. Moran to optimize
neuro-sensory integration by stimulating key points on the nuchal ridge, occipital base,
suboccipital base, and the roof of the mouth. This technique aims to promote brain function, sensory processing, and overall neurological health.

Benefits

  • Enhances neuro-sensory integration and brain function.
  • Optimizes visual processing and perception.
  • Supports motor coordination, balance, and posture.
  • Facilitates sensory integration and neural connectivity.
  • Promotes overall neurological health and well-being.

NSIT represents a holistic approach to chiropractic care, focusing on the intricate connection between the spine, nervous system, and brain function. By incorporating targeted touch and stimulation techniques, NSIT aims to harmonize neuro-sensory pathways, fostering optimal neurological function and well-being.

1. Nuchal Ridge

  • Trigeminal Nerve (CN V): The nuchal ridge area is innervated by branches of the trigeminal nerve. Stimulation here can activate sensory pathways related to touch and pressure, with signals transmitted through the trigeminal nerve to the brainstem.

2. Occipital Base

  • Occipital Cortex: Direct stimulation of the occipital base area can activate the occipital cortex, which is primarily responsible for processing visual information. This region plays a key role in visual perception and processing.

3. Suboccipital Base

  • Brainstem: The suboccipital base region is in close proximity to the brainstem.
    Stimulation here can influence areas of the brainstem involved in sensory processing, motor control, and autonomic functions.
  • Cerebellum: The cerebellum is located near the suboccipital region and plays a crucial role in motor coordination, balance, and posture. Stimulation in this area can affect cerebellar function.

4. Trigeminal Nerve and Autonomic Responses

  • Stimulation of these areas can also impact the trigeminal nerve, which is involved in various sensory functions in the face and head, including touch, temperature, and pain sensations.
  • Additionally, stimulation in the suboccipital region can influence autonomic responses, such as changes in heart rate, blood pressure, and respiratory rate, due to its connections with the autonomic nervous system. Overall points along the nuchal ridge, occipital base, and suboccipital base can have effects on sensory pathways, visual processing, brainstem functions, cerebellar function, trigeminal nerve activity, and autonomic responses.

1. Nuchal Ridge Points

    • Location: Along the posterior aspect of the neck, specifically where the occipital bonemeets the cervical vertebrae.
    • Function: Stimulation of these points activates the trigeminal nerve branches in the area, promoting sensory feedback and enhancing neural communication. This can improve proprioception, spatial awareness, and contribute to overall balance and coordination.

    2. Occipital Base Points

    • Location: At the base of the skull, near the occipital protuberance.
    • Function: Gentle touch and manipulation at these points engage the occipital cortex, optimizing visual processing, enhancing perception, and supporting cognitive function. This can lead to improved visual acuity, depth perception, and visual tracking abilities.

    3. Suboccipital Base Points

    • Location: Just below the occipital bone, where the skull meets the upper cervical spine.
    • Function: Balancing and adjusting these points promote brainstem activity and stimulate the cerebellum. This can enhance motor coordination, balance control, and postural stability, contributing to smoother movement patterns and reduced risk of falls.

    4. Roof of Mouth Points

    • Location: Specifically targeting the palate area, including the hard palate and soft palate.
    • Function: Strategic touch and pressure on the roof of the mouth activate palatine nerves and the trigeminal nerve. This stimulation supports gustatory and somatosensory pathways, aiding in sensory integration, improving neural connectivity, and enhancing overall sensory processing.

    By precisely targeting these points in the NSIT technique, we aim to create a synergistic effect that optimizes neuro-sensory integration, promotes efficient neural communication, and ultimately enhances overall brain function and neurological health.

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    1. Palatine Nerves

    The roof of the mouth is innervated by the palatine nerves, including the greater palatine nerve and the lesser palatine nerve. Stimulation of these nerves can send signals to the brain related to taste, touch, and temperature sensations in the palate.

    2. Trigeminal Nerve (CN V)

    The trigeminal nerve is responsible for sensation in the face, including the mouth and nose. It has branches that innervate the roof of the mouth, and stimulation of these branches can activate the trigeminal nerve, sending sensory information to the brainstem.

    3. Brainstem and Thalamus

    Nerve signals from the roof of the mouth travel through the trigeminal nerve to the brainstem. From there, they may be relayed to the thalamus, which acts as a sensory relay station in the brain, distributing sensory information to different areas of the cerebral cortex.

    4. Gustatory Cortex

    Stimulation of taste receptors in the palate can activate the gustatory cortex, which is responsible for processing taste sensations.

    5. Somatosensory Cortex

    Touch and pressure sensations from the roof of the mouth are processed in the somatosensory cortex, located in the parietal lobe of the brain.

    Overall, stimulating different points on the roof of the mouth can lead to sensations such as taste, touch, pressure, and temperature, with corresponding activation of the sensory areas of the brain involved in processing these sensations.

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    The thalamus is a vital structure located deep within the brain, situated above the brainstem and below the cerebral cortex. It plays a crucial role in relaying sensory and motor signals to the cerebral cortex, which is responsible for higher-level brain functions such as thinking, perception, and consciousness. Here are some key points about the thalamus and its functions:

    1. Sensory Relay Center

    One of the primary functions of the thalamus is to act as a relay center for sensory information. It receives sensory signals from various parts of the body, including the skin, eyes, ears, and other sensory organs. These signals are then processed and relayed to the appropriate areas of the cerebral cortex for further interpretation and perception.

    2. Motor Control

    In addition to sensory functions, the thalamus also plays a role in motor control. It receives motor signals from the cerebellum and basal ganglia and helps relay these signals to the motor cortex, contributing to coordinated movement and motor function.

    3. Integration of Sensory and Motor Signals

    The thalamus integrates sensory and motor information, allowing for coordinated responses to stimuli. For example, when you touch something hot, sensory signals from your skin travel to the thalamus, which then relays this information to the motor cortex, prompting a reflexive withdrawal response.

    4. Regulation of Consciousness

    The thalamus is involved in regulating consciousness and arousal levels. It receives input from the reticular activating system (RAS), a network of neurons in the brainstem that plays a role in wakefulness and alertness. The thalamus helps modulate these states by influencing the activity of the cerebral cortex.

    5. Relay of Information to Specific Brain Regions

    Different nuclei within the thalamus are specialized in relaying specific types of information. For example, the lateral geniculate nucleus relays visual information, the medial geniculate nucleus relays auditory information, and the ventral posterior nucleus relays somatosensory information.

    Overall, the thalamus serves as a critical gateway for sensory and motor signals, facilitating communication between different brain regions and contributing to various aspects of perception, movement, and consciousness.

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